Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and attitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above the sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic.

Nepal–occupying only 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth – is home to:

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world;
  • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species);
  • 4% of mammals on earth;
  • 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species);
  • 600 indigenous plant families;
  • 400 species of orchids.

Nepal At A Glance

Area : 1, 47,181
Location : Situated between china in the north and India in the South, East and West.
Capital : Kathmandu.
Population : 28,736,709 as of March 20th 2011
Language : Nepali is a national language. However travel-trade related people understand and speak English as well.
Currency : Nepalese Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs. 71.70 as of 2011).
Political System: Multi-party Democracy.
Religion : Nepal is Federal Democratic Republic state with a pre-dominance of Hindus and Buddhist Population.
Climate : Nepal has four major seasons, namely, (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August,
(4) Autumn: September- November. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
People : Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 120 spoken languages.
What to Wear : Light weight clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm Garments are required in October to March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season.

Entry Procedures:

Visa procedure

You will need to provide:

  • Your original passport, valid for at least 6 months;
  • The completed and signed Nepal Visa application form (NB: for Australian residents 2 forms should be completed, both originals);
  • Visa processing fee;
  • One recent passport-sized photograph (NB: for Australian residents 2 photos should be submitted, one attached to each application form);
  • Stamped self-addressed special delivery envelope.

Your tourist visa for Nepal is valid for 6 months from the date of issue. Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months.

Visa Fee:

Single Entry : US $ 30 days for 60 days.
Multiple Entry : 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

Visa Extension:

Visa extension fee for 15 days or less is US $ 30 or equivalent convertible currency and visa extension fee for more than 15 days is US$ 2 per day
Tourist visa can be extended for a maximum period of 150 days in a single visa year (January – December).
Gratis (Free) Visa. Gratis visa for 30 days available only for tourists of SAARC countries.
Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal.
Transit visa for one day can be obtained from Nepal’s immigration offices at the entry points upon the production of departure flight ticket via Tribhuvan International Airport in Nepal, by paying US $ 5 or equivalent convertible currency.

Children under 10 years do not require a visa.

Business Visa:

Business visa (with multiple entry) can be obtained from the Department of Immigration for the period of one year or five years upon the recommendation of the ministry of Industries by paying the following amount:

1. One year Multiple visa USD 100/-
2. Five years Multiple Visa USD 250/-)*visa fees are case of changing

Visa will be extended subsequently for 30 days each upon payment of US$ 30 for a maximum period of 150 days in a visa year (Jan-Dec). Two passport size photographs required. Indians do not require visa to visit Nepal. However, they require to be in possession of any one of the following documents while traveling between the two countries.

Requirements to travel from US to Nepal:

1. Original, signed United States passport with at least 6 months of remaining validity.
2. Passport-type photographs: 1

3. Business Letter: A business letter from the sending company in the US. The letter should be printed on the company letterhead stationery, addressed to “The Consulate of Nepal, Visa Section”, and signed by a senior manager (an equivalent to Vice-President or above). The business letter must adhere to the following guidelines:

• Briefly introduce the applicant (please specify employment status/position held in the company by applicant).
• State the nature of the business to be conducted (ie. business meetings, contract negotiations, etc.) and the names and addresses of companies to be contacted in Nepal.
• Specify the type and desired validity of the visa (ie. a one year multiple entry business visa).
• Guarantee of sufficient funds for travel.

Nepal business visa fees for citizens of United States

Type of visa Maximum validity Processing time Embassy fee Service fee Total cost
Multiple entry up to 30 days 7 business days $40.00 + $44.95 = $84.95
Multiple entry up to 90 days 7 business days $100.00 + $59.95 = $159.95
Maximum stay in Nepal: 60 days

Visa Obtain Points:

Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepal Embassy/ Consulate or Mission offices abroad, or at the following immigration offices in Nepal:
  • Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu
  • Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
  • Birganj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
  • Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)
  • Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
  • Jamuna, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
  • Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
  • Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western)

Indian Nationals:

Indian nationals do not require visa. However, Indians traveling to Nepal by air have to show upon arrival at entry point either a passport, Voter’s Identity card issued by the Election Commission of India, or an identity card with photograph issued by the Central or State Government of India. Temporary identity card with photograph issued by Nepal-based Indian diplomatic missions for identification of Indian nationals will also be considered in case of exceptions. Children under 10 years need not show any identification. For students between the age of 10-18 years, School/college photo ID Card is valid.

For further information contact to the nearest Nepalese Embassies, consulate offices or refer to: Department Of immigration,Bhrikutimandap, Kathmandu Tel: 00-977-1-4223 681 / 4470 650 Website:


By Air:

Kathmandu is the only international airport in Nepal. There are a number of International Airlines with direct flights to Kathmandu.

  • Thai Airways International operates daily flight between Bangkok and Kathmandu.
  • Qatar Airways flies daily between Doha and Kathmandu with connecting flights to/from Europe and America.
  • Gulf Air has daily flight between UAE and Kathmandu with connecting flights to/from Europe and America.
  • Air China flies between Lhasa, with connecting flights to/from mainland China.
  • Austrian Airlines flies between Vienna and Kathmandu once a week
  • Indian Airlines have frequent flights between Delhi, Calcutta and Kathmandu.
  • Silk Air, Dragon Air, Ethihad Airways are new Airlines Operating flights from year 2007.Nepal Airlines fly –
  • Between Hong Kong and Kathmandu.
  • Between Bangkok and Kathmandu.
  • Between Singapore and Kathmandu via Bangkok.
  • Between Osaka and Kathmandu via Shanghai.
  • Between Delhi and Kathmandu.
  • Between Bombay and Kathmandu.
  • Beside these there are Biman Bangladesh, Jet Airways, Pakistan Airlines, connecting Kathmandu with many countries.

By Land:

You can go for overland travel to enter Nepal from both from India and Tibet. If you are in Tibet, you can enter Nepal by crossing the border at Kodari. Thereafter, take a bus to Kathmandu. This will take you 7 to 12 hours depending on the road conditions. The easiest and hassle free overland route to Nepal from India is via Gorakhpur using train and the Sunauli/Belahiya border post. The only direct buses from this route to Kathmandu run at night and take approximately 9 hours. Raxaul/Birgung border post can also be used to visit Nepal. But this may not leave you with a pleasant traveling experience. If you are in Darjeeling, you can come to Nepal via Karkabhitta. There are also several border crossings in west Nepal.

The overland tourists entering the Kingdom of Nepal with their vehicle must posses an international carnet or complete customs formalities.

Foreign Exchange:

Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transaction are to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange money at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival also. Indian Currency Rs. 500/- and Rs. 1000/- note is not allowed to be brought into Nepal and will not be accepted for transaction of any kind.

Customs Formalities:

All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry. Personal effects are permitted free entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods, such as tobacco and liquors, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics, arms and ammunition are strictly prohibited. Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The export of antiques requires special certification from the Department of Archaeology, National Archive Building, Ram Shah Path, Kathmandu (Tel:4250686).

Passenger Service Charge + Tourist Service Fee:
Rs. 1,356/- per person for departure to SAARC (South Asian Countries) and Rs. 1,695/- for departure to other international destinations.

Domestic Airlines:

Nepal Airlines has an extensive network of air services to major parts of the country. Besides Nepal Airlines, other domestic airlines (there are more than 18 in operation) provide regular and charter services to poular domestic destinations.

Mountain Flight:

Many domestic Airlines operate breath-taking Everest experience flights for tourists round the year only in the morning. The flying duration is one hour.

Getting Around:

Metered taxis are easily recognized by the taxi sign and black number plates and can be hailed off the street. Micro buses, cheaper than taxis are also available. Battery run EV tempos are also available. No tip is expected. There are regular bus services within the three cities of the Kathmandu Valley operating from Ratna Park (Old Bus Terminal). Similarly, scheduled bus services for outside the valley operate from the Gongabu Bus Terminal. In addition, one can also hire mountain or motor bikes at nominal rates.


Nepal has every category of accommodation facilities. These range from the international standard Star Hotels and Resorts to budget hotels and lodges. In order to have an assured quality service, it is advisable to use the facilities and services of government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies, the licensed tour guides only and engage an authorized trekking guide or porter only through a registered travel and trekking agencies.


As vaccination requirements change frequently, we suggest you consult your doctor at least 2 months prior to the commencement of your trip. If you choose to trek or climb, the major health concern is altitude- related illness or Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). There are many hospitals, nursing homes and private clinics in Nepal. Before travelling, it is best to take a complete medical check up from the medical point of view. Carry a medical- kit along with you to be on safe side. Health problems can kill your adventure spirit. So stay fit to bask in the splendor of your journey.


When to Visit:

Many of Nepal’s ‘extreme’ activities will be weather dependent and only available at certain times of the year. Trekking is available almost all year round (although some routes might be inaccessible during the winter) but the weather conditions will influence the type of experience you’re in for!

Nepal basically has two seasons, a dry season that occurs between October to May and a wet season (monsoon) that starts roughly in June and continues until September. Both seasons have advantages and disadvantages; you just have to decide what you’re planning to do when you get here.

Kathmandu sizzles at 30°C between May – September particularly just before the monsoon starts. Although the temperature drops to 20°C in the city during the winter, bright sunny days make it a comfortable place to be but it’s much colder at night and it’s a very different picture in the mountains. Altitude has a significant impact on temperature. Trekkers on the Annapurna Circuit around Christmas time should be prepared with their down sleeping bags as night-time temperatures can plummet to about -7°C. While that sounds harsh, by braving frosty mornings you are rewarded with incredible mountains views on perfectly crisp days. Worth every moment of the early morning chill!

October to November followed by February to April is tipped as the best times to visit Nepal. The former months present you with Nepal at its most beautiful as the recently finished monsoon leaves the countryside lush and green and the most colorful festivals take place. The latter is especially good for high-altitude trekkers as the weather starts to get warmer and the rhododendrons are in bloom.

The table shows what the weather is like in Nepal:

Month Minimum °C Maximum °C Rainfall (mm)
January 2.7 17.5 47
February 2.2 21.6 11
March 6.9 25.5 5
April 8.6 30.0 5
May 15.6 29.7 146
June 18.9 29.4 135
July 19.5 28.1 327
August 19.2 29.5 206
September 18.6 28.6 199
October 13.3 28.6 42
November 6.0 23.7 0
December 1.9 20.7 1


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