History

History Of Mount Everest (Sagarmatha)

Age of Everest:

Everest was formed about 60 million years ago

Elevation:

8848 Meter

Name in Nepal:

Sagarmatha (means: goddess of the sky)

In Tibet:

Chomolungma: (means: mother goddess of the universe)

Named after:

Sir George Everest and Nepali name ‘Sagarmatha’ given by Historian Babu Ram Achraya

Location:

Latitude 27° 59′ N…..Longitude 86° 56′ E. It’s summit ridge separates Nepal and Tibet

First Ascent:

May 29,1953 by Tenzing Norgay, NP, and Sir Edmund Hillary, NZ via the South Col Route

First Solo Ascent:

Aug. 20,1980, Reinhold Messner, IT, via the NE Ridge to North Face

First winter Ascent:

Feb. 17,1980 -L.Cichy and K. Wielicki, POL

First Ascent by an American:

May 1,1963, James Whittaker, via the South-Col

Mt.Everest rises a few millimeters each year due to geological forces.

First Ascent by a Woman:

May 16,1975, Junko Tabei, JAP, via the South-Col

First Ascent by an American Woman:

Sep.29,1988, Stacey Allison, Portland, OR via the South-East Ridge

First Oxygen less Ascent:

May 8, 1978- Reinhold Messner, IT, and Peter Habeler, AUT, via the South-East Ridge

First woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest from both north & south sides:

Cathy O’Dowd (S.A.) South May 25,1996/North ’99

Fastest Ascent from South:

Babu Chhiri Sherpa 34, NP-16 hours and 56 minutes (5-21-2000)

Fastest Ascent (north side):

Hans Kammerlander (IT) May,24,1996, via the standard North Col Ridge Route, 16 hours 45 minutes from base camp

Youngest person:

Sambu Tamang (NP) 16 on May,5,1973

Oldest Person:

Lev Sarkisov May,12,1999 -60 yrs. 161 days

Most Ascents:

Eleven, 24th May 2000 Appa Sherpa became the first person to climb Everest 11 times-Ten, Ang Rita Sherpa, Babu Chiri Sherpa all ascents were oxygen-less.

Best and Worst Years on Everest:

1993, 129 summitted and eight died (a ratio of 16:1); in 1996, 98 summitted and 15 died (a ratio of 6½:1)

Highest cause cause of death:

Avalanches-about a (2:1) ratio over falls

Country with most deaths on mountain:

Nepal-46

Most dangerous area on mountain:

Khumbu Ice Fall-19 deaths

First ski descent:

Davo Karnicar (Slovenia) 10-7-2000

Last year without ascent: 1974

Last year without ascent: 1977

Corpses remaining on Everest: about 120

Longest stay on top:

Babu Chiri Sherpa stayed at the summit full 21 hours and a half

First Disabled Climber:

Tom Whittaker American) May 27, 1998

Largest team:

In 1975, China tackled Everest with a 410-member team.

Fastest descent:

In 1988, Jean-Marc Boivin of France descended from the top in just 11 minutes, paragliding.

Only climber to climb all 4 sides of Everest:

Kushang Sherpa, now an instructor with Himlayan Mountaineering Institute

First person to hike from sea level to summit with out oxygen. :

11th May 1990,Tim Macartney-Snape, Australian

Time To Climb:

A normal expedition lasts 60-90 days and is done during the months of April/May and October/November depending on conditions.

Courtesy: Nepal Government, Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation

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