Scarcity of water has been plaguing the reserve, famous for the rare Barhasinge, after water levels in a dozen of the natural ponds in the jungle started to dwindle down.
Earlier, reserve officials had taken to pumping ground water into artificial ponds using diesel-powered generators.
But the initiative had to be abandoned because of the noise and smoke it produced.
The new system, which depends upon solar cells for power to run the pump, has been set up at Bagh Tal, also an artificial pond. According to officials if the cells were charged for five hours, 9,000 litres of groundwater could be pumped into the pond.
The system, the first of its kind in Nepal, would be expanded to other conservation areas as well if the technology becomes successful in Shuklaphanta according to Kishor Mehata, assistant conservation officer at the reserve.
He said his office is planning to use this system, which was installed with financial assistance from Paschim Tarai Bhuprabidhi Ayojana, in other ponds in the area. The change follows locals’ call that the reserves do something to avoid pollution.
Deepak Chanda of Paschim Tarai informed that the solar system has proved to be an effective solution to supply water to the animals without producing noise and smoke.
The organisation has invested Rs 3.7 lakh on the system. The reserve is spread over 305 square kilometres.